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Climbers for pergolas or grills: how to plant vines to cover a pergola. The most suitable flowering plants and tips for cultivation.
For thepergolasthey chooseperennials but only rarely evergreen. The reason? Evergreen climbing plants offer shade even in winter, when, on the contrary, thepergolaor the gazebo needs sun. On this page we propose someperennialsnot evergreen but which are able to offer a dense cover of leaves and flowers, from early spring to autumn.
How many plants do you need to cover a pergola?
The pergola structures, in wrought iron or wood, can be covered with climbing shrubs to be planted near the main beams of the pergola. The number of plants to be planted to cover the pergola or grating depends on its size.
For a medium-sized pergola structure (4 x 4 meters, 3 x 4 meters, 3 x 3 meters…) it will be sufficient to plant one plant per corner. If the pergola is rectangular and very long, it will be necessary to plant more plants in correspondence with the pillars that will act as tutors for the vines.
Where to plant vines? The distance to respect
The plants should be planted near the supporting structures of the pergola. Generally, the distance to be respected between the hole and the pillar must be at least 10 cm, so approximately 25 cm must pass between the stem of the plant and the pillar of the pergola.
How to plant vines to cover a pergola?
When you buy theclimbing plants, the nursery will supply them in pots. Irrigate the plant copiously so as to more easily extract them from the pot.
Once flared, spread out the roots before planting it. Dig the hole near the pillars of the pergola structure, at the bottom of the hole, add some organic fertilizer (or mature manure) to the fertile soil and then add the plant. The main stem of theclimbing plantit must be fixed to the pole of the pergola structure with a soft tie.
The hole of the plant must be filled with fertile soil and not with the same soil as the excavation. In addition, the ground at the foot of the pergola should be treated in a preliminary way: perhaps by carrying out a very deep digging work so as to make the ground structurally softer.
Who has apergola on pavement, can cover it withclimbing plants in pots. Use rather large ornamental pots.
In these cases, no repotting will take place but the soil will be replaced: every two years remove the first layers of soil, replacing them with fresh and fertile soil. Theclimbing plants in potsthey need constant fertilization.
Climbers for pergolas
Which climbing plants to choose? Here are the five most popular plants.
Bougainvilla is a very popular plant even if it can only be grown by those who live in the far south of Italy or in those areas of Italy with a mild climate.
The honeysuckle,Lonicera caprifolium, it can also be planted in partial shade. It is appreciated for its abundant flowering that thrives from spring to summer. The flowers are very fragrant.
Wisteria,wisteria sinensis, and another oneclimbing plantappreciated. It is a good solution for those who intend to grow the climbing plant in pots and for those who are looking for itfast-growing climbing plants: grows very fast! In a couple of years after planting it will have already covered your pergola.
It is the best choice for those who want to cover a pergola with climbing plants in pots, you can follow the instructions in the guide:how to grow wisteria in pots.
Jasmine blooms only if grown with a sunny exposure. It blooms from April to June and its flowers are very fragrant.
The plant is resistant to cold but those who live in areas with a harsh climate (where temperatures drop below freezing for long periods) might prefer to cover the pergola with false jasmine.
There are several species of Stephanotis to be used for covering grids and pergolas. It is not a known climbing plant as it is very demanding, as Bougainvillea can only be grown in areas of Italy with a mild climate. It has fragrant flowers, composed of five white waxy petals. This plant blooms from May to October and has glossy green leaves.
For grills- but not for pergola structures- climbing hydrangeas and superb glory can also be grown.
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