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How to measure blood sugar: schedules for measuring blood glucose levels, table of values and guided instructions for measuring blood glucose. From the most practical device to the interpretation of values.
The device you need a measure blood sugaris calledglucometer and is an indispensable tool formeasure blood glucose levels.
Diabetes machine: glucometer
What is called in jargondiabetes machineormachine for measuring blood sugarit's called a "glucometer" and in this guide we will explain how to use it and how it works.
The glucometer is easily found in pharmacies but those who prefer, perhaps to speculate on the price and save money, can take advantage of the online purchase.
I personally bought thediabetes machineon Amazon, paying € 19.99 with free shipping. The device I bought is very easy to use and intuitive. Together with the "machine for diabetes" will also come out the "needles" (they are called lancets, they are sterile) for puncture and test strips. In any case, always on Amazon you can stock it up.
In this guide I will provide you with instructions onhow to use the diabetes machine"Contour XT by Baeyer", which is what I use, but these are universal instructions because thefunctioning of the blood glucose machineit is common to all devices.
For info on the machine mentioned, I refer you to the Amazon page: Contour XT Bayer.
How to use the diabetes machine
Once purchased, its use is simple. In the kit formeasure blood sugaryou will have at your disposal:
- glucometer, the actual machine
- blood glucose test strips
- colored hands
- lancing device
Actually, the lancing device is not strictly necessary. It is supplied to make the puncture suitable for taking the drop of blood faster and more painlessly. The bravest can directly use the colored lancet to prick the fingertip and take a blood sample.
Operation is simple:
- Thediabetes machine, the test strip is inserted.
- The sterile lancet is used to puncture, either directly or by inserting it into the lancing device which will snap action and allow you to take the drop or drops of blood more painlessly.
- The drop of blood is added to the test strip.
- Wait 5 seconds and the result will appear on the display.
The test strip is given on one side curved and one, semicircular and on the other straight. In the machine you will have to insert the straight part, while in the curved area there is the sampling area, that is the end where you will have to insert the drop of blood.
How to measure blood sugar
Beforemeasure blood sugaralways wash your hands. In addition, pay attention to the right time for themeasurement.
In summary, formeasure your blood sugar with the diabetes machineyou will have to:
- Activate the machine and insert the strip as shown in the photo above, then with the curved part outwards.
- Use the lancing device or sterile lancet to take a drop of blood from the fingertip.
- Place the drop of blood on the lancet reader.
The display will showvaluecorresponding to the reading.
Blood sugar, normal value
We cannot speak of a normal value in a universal way. Thereglycemia(i.e. the level of glucose in the blood) varies according to the phase of the day. We generally talk about pre- or post-prandial blood glucose, that is, fasting blood glucose and blood glucose after a meal.
Thenormal valueof fasting blood glucose, to be measured in the morning, is between 70 and 100 mg / dl.
On a daily basis, the values measured with the device should be noted in a diary to be presented, then, to the diabetologist or the trusted doctor.
How many times a day to measure blood sugar
Again, there is nonumber of times a day you need to measure your blood sugar. The need varies from patient to patient and it is advisable to align with your doctor.
In principle, theglycemiait should be measured in the morning on an empty stomach, then before meals and also about 90 - 120 minutes from the moment you start eating. In this way you will have the opportunity to understand the glycemic trend in fasting and after meals (post prandial blood sugar). We repeat that these are only general indications, for example, a diabetologist may ask you to measure blood sugareven after intense physical activity or in a period of particular stress or in conjunction with the intake of particular drugs with hypo or hyperglycemic effect.
It may concern: low glycemic index flours