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Its name originates from the legend of Ancient Greece and from myth of Narcissus that deals with the theme of beauty with delicate ruthlessness. If we also want some in our garden or on our balcony, it is better to learn how to grow and store Narcissus bulbs and thus witness its flowering over and over again.
This plant can also be found at wild state, there are numerous varieties that can be grown very easily to get one in the spring splendid flower with very refined shapes and a strong symbolic meaning. Since we are dealing with a bulb, there are similarities with the Dutch tulip, but now we will see specifically how to behave in order to obtain abundant and fragrant results.
Narcissus bulbs: characteristics
the scientific name is Narcissus and belongs to the botanical family of Amaryllidaceae, is a genus of plant with European origins and that we can find very easily also in Italy. Among the many varieties on the market we can mention some more common ones such as the Poeticus (wild narcissus or May flower), la Jonquilla (daffodil), la Tazetta and the narcissus trombine also called Pseudonarcissus.
Beyond the specific characteristics of the many existing varieties, we can identify those common to all and which identify our Narcissus. It's about a bulbous herbaceous plant, perennial type, with spring flowering. The peculiarity lies precisely in the presence of a bulb, underground, from which leaves and flowers appear and which attaches itself to the ground through small roots. How they exist Daffodils of various shapes, there are also bulbs of various shapes, more or less oval, but they are all covered with a brown coating that serves to protect the generating part and prevent it from rotting.
Those who have already tried to learn how to cultivate and preserve the bulbs of narcissus he knows, at the right time a straight straight stem comes out of it with lengths ranging from 20 to 70 cm formed by a set of long lanceolate leaves around which there is a sheath of the same color but very consistent. It too protects, this time the new leaves. After the leaves, the flower almost always appears from the same stem only except in some specific varieties in which there are several grouped. All flowers have gods petals that open outwards, arranged around a paracorolla which can sometimes have a very marked shape and appear similar to a trumpet.
Narcissus bloom usually is white or yellow but there are many color combinations that don't get bored, the two colors create designs and shapes on the petals with extreme imagination. Over time, special varieties have also been created that feature pink or orange flowers.
Narcissus bulbs: how to grow them
Such a beautiful flower may appear difficult to grow but luckily it isn't and everyone can get great results without having to go crazy following too many expert green thumbs directions. We are in fact dealing with one very resistant and rustic plant, that can fit well both in a garden or in a flower bed, and on a terrace or balcony. It is always and in any case a decorative plant of the finest.
It blooms in spring, and then the following spring, because it is one perennial plant, the important thing is to cut the flower when it fades and let the bulb dry naturally so that it can prepare for the next season.
If we are inserting the narcissus in a garden it is good to find a position in which it is not reached by mechanical means such as lawn mowers, and if we want to put it in company, it is good to take other bulbous plants such as tulips, or opt for medium-large evergreen plants. The best time to plant narcissus bulbs is autumn, starting from October until the end of December. Take the bulb and bury it at approx 7 cm deep and leaving the distance between one bulb and another of at least 25 cm if in the ground, if in a vase they can also be grouped.
As soon as it is done we must immediately water a little but only once, then no water until spring but even when the climate becomes less rigid we must never abound because the narcissus is usually satisfied with rainwater and suffers a lot from water stagnation and for this reason it is better if we use the sandy soils and we avoid clayey, hard and compact ones, which do not drain the water well.
There fertilization in general it is not necessary, we can do it very lightly only before flowering, then it ends up being also harmful.
How to store narcissus bulbs
Storing the bulbs is very important because in this way we ensure future blooms, even during the year without having to resort to unsightly fake plants. It is partially true that the bulbs bloom "by themselves" the following year, it is necessary do not let them rot or wither in the winter months, let's see how. Just uproot them from the ground when flowering is over, and let them dry out completely. At this point they are kept in a paper bag, in a cool and dark place, until the following season
Narcissus bulbs: are they poisonous?
There is an important thing to know about Narcissus which, however, should not scare us but only put us in a position not to be harmed by them. Its bulbs contain a toxic alkaloid, narcissine, which is very dangerous for both animals and humans. It can even be lethal if you ingest too much and the problem is that the bulbs can look a lot like some species of wild onion.
Narcissus bulbs with a high rate of germination
If you have come this far it is because the Narcissus attracts you and you also know everything you need to know about how to cultivate and preserve narcissus bulbs so all that remains is to buy some comfortably online. For example, you can find a pack of 5, with mixed colors, for less than 10 euros and are those with a high rate of germination.
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